FLOOD ALERT! ISLAND CUT OFF!
Designed to support a school trip to Red Funnel Ferries
GEOGRAPHY Upper Key Stage 2
Other Key Stage Variants: Key Stage 3 (Low Ability) | Key Stage 3 (Mid Ability) | Key Stage 3 (High Ability)
Human and Physical Geography
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While crossing the Solent, and travelling up/down Southampton Water aboard their Red Funnel ferry, students will get the opportunity to experience first-hand what the area is like today. They will be provided with historical information to inform them of what the area was once like and, through the activities they will be completing, they will come to understand how and why the physical geography of the area has changed.
This is a geography resource which engages students with the environment of Southampton Water and the Solent, whilst on their Red Funnel ferry journey across. It includes pre-visit, on-site, and post-visit activities. The resource task will help students to understand the physical geography processes that have shaped the Solent and Southampton Water historically, and to then appreciate how the physical characteristics of Southampton Water have enabled specific human activities to develop there. The resource will develop students’ geographical terminology by introducing new terms, and giving them the opportunity to demonstrate how these terms are correctly used. Supporting information and images will promote discussion and act as aides for students to complete the activities.
This resource will require students to consider the physical characteristics of the area, and they will complete a mapping exercise during the pre-visit task to familiarize themselves with what they will be seeing from the ferry.
The web-link (http://www.scopac.org.uk/solent-evolution.html) will provide students with background to the formation of The Solent / Southampton Water, and this will help them to understand what they will learn on the ferry and to complete the activities on board.
During the main activities on the ferry, students should read through the background information (unfamiliar terms / concepts should be discussed) and then complete the activity which requires them to look out of the windows of the ferry and describe (using adjectives and nouns – literacy links) what Southampton Water / The Solent is like today. Students should be encouraged to pick up on the fact that SW is wide (looks fairly) deep, straight as well as the various evidence of landuses e.g. industrial buildings, ships on the water – cargo, maybe cruise liners, leisure craft.
There is an extension activity at this point to encourage more able students to consider why the area changed
so dramatically from a dry valley to what they see today. There is then a little further information on the climatic changes that led to the flooding of the coast, and the development of the Solent, Channel and Southampton Water. Teachers should go through this with pupils and use visual stimuli from the ferry to help students to understand the information on the sheet, e.g. point out where the chalk ridge would once have been. In the next activity, students are provided with a series of images which illustrate the formation of Southampton Water / The Solent and the Isle of Wight. Using the information they have read they should be able to write an appropriate caption to go with each of these images so that they have a complete sequence.
Further activities focus on observing human activities in preparation for the post-visit task, which gets students to consider the interaction between the physical geography of the area, and the human activities which
are taking place there, i.e. how the physical characteristics have provided opportunities for the growth and development of these human activities.
Key Skills Practised
Understanding key processes in physical geography (weather and climate, linked to glaciation, the flooding resulting from de-glaciation, and the landforms created as a result)
Understanding key processes in human geography (economic activity) and how these activities are related to / interact with the physical environment
Geographical skills of observation, analyzing images and using maps to locate and transfer information.
Literacy skills will be developed through the activities on the worksheet.
Students will familiarize themselves with the geography of the area, using maps to locate key features, e.g. the main rivers, Southampton Water and The Solent. More able students could be encouraged to research the formation of The Solent / Southampton Water a little before the visit.
Students complete the post-visit activities as on their ability-relevant worksheet.
Students will be able to describe the location and key characteristics of the area. Students will gain an understanding of the physical processes that have led to the development of these present-day characteristics. Students will gain an understanding of the ways in which the physical environment can affect, and provide opportunities for, human development and activities.
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Key Stage 3
Human and Physical Geography
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This page was last updated on: 01/06/2016