STATES OF MATTER AT THE RAILWAY
Designed to support a school trip to Isle of Wight Steam Railway
SCIENCE Key Stage 3
Variants: Low Ability students
Properties and Changes of Materials
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Students can explore the steam elements of the locomotive and how the water changes into steam, identifying the basic elements of the process.
This resource is for key stage 3 students who are covering ‘States of Matter’ as part of the compulsory science element of the National Curriculum.
It allows students who visit Isle of Wight Steam Railway to engage with the scientific concepts within the railway environment and to identify how materials change due to various processes, including combustion.
Students can explore the steam elements of the locomotive and how the water changes into steam, identifying the basic elements of the process. They can see the water being added at the station, witness the coal fire being stoked, and the resultant expansion of the steam being harnessed to provide traction.
This task can be introduced to students before their visit to Isle of Wight Steam Railway. The resource assumes that students have covered atoms and molecules as particles, changes with temperature in respect of motion and spacing of particles, the particulate nature of matter; the properties of the different states of matter in terms of particle kinetics, and the changes of state in terms of particle kinetics and energy changes.
This resource helps consolidate the learning above and show particle kinetics and energy changes in real life situations. When on site at the railway, students can then complete the questions on the sheet as they move around the venue. This will focus students’ attention on the key areas for learning.
Key Skills Practised
Understanding the properties of the different states of matter and how they change
Understanding the particulate nature of matter
How energy is created and how it changes through various processes
Students need to have covered work on atoms and molecules as particles, motion and spacing of particles, the particulate nature of matter, the properties of the different states of matter in terms of particle kinetics.
During the Visit
Completion of this activity
Why not complete this resource on a day trip?
The Isle of Wight can be reached in as little as 12 minutes! If you're located close to the south coast then a day trip is easily achievable...
This resource could be completed as part of the following day trip:
Chuffed to Bits! from £11.75pp
Step back in time to the golden age of steam at Isle of Wight Steam Railway! A potted history of the Island's railways from Victorian times to the present day.
Class discussion/Q+A; completion of labelled diagrams, PowerPoint slides or animations showing these examples; finding other examples of particle kinetics and energy changes in action around us; class discussion about the scientific processes/techniques used by the railway team
Students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of how particle kinetics and energy changes function in real life situations.
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This page was last updated on: 01/06/2016