THE POWER OF STEAM
Designed to support a school trip to Isle of Wight Steam Railway
SCIENCE Lower Key Stage 2
Properties and Changes of Materials
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Students can explore the steam elements of the locomotive and how the water changes into steam, identifying the basic elements of the process. They can see the water being added at the station, witness the coal fire being stoked, and the resultant expansion of the steam being harnessed to provide traction.
This resource is for lower key stage 2 students as an introduction to how materials change in the railway environment. The resource links to upper/lower key stage 2 topics relating to the states of matter and how matter changes when heated, etc.
This task can be introduced to students before their visit to Isle of Wight Steam Railway; it would be particularly useful if they have done some basic work on heating/cooling and the effects of heating on water or fuel. Teachers could show them a basic steam engine diagram or animation ahead of the visit. When on site at the railway, students can then complete the questions on the sheet as they move around the venue. This will focus students’ attention on the key areas for learning.
Key Skills Practised
Understanding the properties of materials and how they change
How forces are created using heat
How energy is created
Students could learn the basics of heating and cooling, and the effects of these on materials, to allow them to engage with the resource at Isle of Wight Steam Railway.
During the Visit
Completion of Science lower key stage 2 States of Matter/Changing Materials at Isle of Wight Steam Railway resource linked to this document
Why not complete this resource on a day trip?
The Isle of Wight can be reached in as little as 12 minutes! If you're located close to the south coast then a day trip is easily achievable...
This resource could be completed as part of the following day trip:
Chuffed to Bits! from £24.43pp
Step back in time to the golden age of steam at Isle of Wight Steam Railway! A potted history of the Island's railways from Victorian times to the present day.
Follow-up tasks could include: Class discussion, Q&A etc. of how they saw the water become steam, and how they think this powered the train; Completion of labelled diagrams, PowerPoint slides, or animations showing these examples; Finding other examples of where water becomes steam in the everyday world
Students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of how water is converted into steam through burning fuel, and then harnessed to move the locomotive and train at Isle of Wight Steam Railway. They will be able to understand that steam trains need water, fuel and fire to be able to move, and that this is a complex process.
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This page was last updated on: 01/06/2016